# Article

Plasma Investigations

2004. V. 42. № 2. P. 171–182

Dvinin S.A., Ershov A.P., Timofeev I.B., Chernikov V.A., Shibkov V.M.

Simulation of a dc discharge in a transverse supersonic gas flow

This study is devoted to the investigation of a dc discharge in a transverse gas flow. It is shown that the discharge may exist in several forms depending on the gas flow velocity. The standard stationary discharge similar to a discharge in still gas is realized if the displacement rate of the plasma boundary exceeds the gas flow velocity. The displacement rate of the plasma boundary in a diffusion model is defined by the relation $V_f=2\sqrt{D_a\nu_i}$, where $D_a$ is the ambipolar diffusion coefficient, and $\nu_i$ is the frontal ionization frequency. Otherwise, the discharge assumes the form of two plasma wakes formed by the cathode and anode, respectively. The surface of the plasma wakes is oriented at an angle $\alpha$ to the flow velocity $C_S(\sin\alpha=V_f/C_S)$. If $\alpha$ is smaller than the ratio of the discharge sustaining voltage in the stationary regime $U_{st}$ st to the breakdown voltage $U_{bk}$, the discharge transforms into the pulse–periodic form, when the formation of a structure of the cathode and anode plasma wakes is interrupted by a new gas breakdown. A numerical simulation of the discharge properties is performed. The numerical simulation results are compared to the experimental ones.

Article reference:

*Dvinin S.A., Ershov A.P., Timofeev I.B., Chernikov V.A., Shibkov V.M.*Simulation of a dc discharge in a transverse supersonic gas flow, High Temp., 2004. V. 42. № 2. P. 171